V I T A M I N   D


Gymnasium at Lottbridge Drove in Eastbourne



PROFESSIONAL GYM, EASTBOURNE - We don't all have the time to look like the Rock or perform like a gymnast, but with a few minutes a couple of times a week in a gym, or with a personal trainer, you can gain a few years back, look and feel great - and it need not cost the earth. Everyday chores will seem less daunting, because your body will be stronger and more able to cope. This is your local gym in Eastbourne.





Vitamin D is essential for your muscles to function normally. As per a study, a Vitamin D deficiency leads to proximal weakness and reduced muscle mass. It also puts you at an increased risk of falling. Vitamin D can be used to help patients suffering from muscle pain or weakness. Providing Vitamin D supplementation can also prove to be beneficial for the elderly since they are more prone to suffering from falls. Typically leading to fractured hip, or other bone damage, hospitalization and end of life complications.


Vitamin D is needed for healthy teeth and bones.



Exposure to the sun causes both skin cancer and vitamin D production. Cutaneous production of vitamin D is initiated by exposure to UV-B radiation. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) of 50 nmol/l or higher are classed as sufficient.

When your skin is exposed to sunlight, it manufactures vitamin D. The sun’s ultraviolet B (UVB) rays interact with a protein called 7-DHC in the skin, converting it into vitamin D3, the active form of vitamin D.

Too many people think that using sunscreen and other forms of sun protection leads to vitamin D deficiency, and that the best way to obtain enough of the vitamin is through unprotected sun exposure. But that can lead to a whole other set of serious problems. With reference to the Skin Cancer Foundation, let us explain why, when you add up the pros and cons, letting the sun beat down on your face and body is probably not the way to satisfy your D quotient. Let us show you how you can have your D and literally eat it too, without abusing the skin you’re in. Since, have attained a body beautiful, you may want a decent tan to go with your shape.


Vitamin D helps keep your bones strong by regulating calcium levels. Maintaining adequate amounts of the vitamin is essential for your bone health. People deficient in the vitamin can suffer symptoms including muscle aches, muscle weakness and bone pain. In severe cases, by reducing calcium absorption, deficiency can lead to slower growth, bone softening and weakened bone structure, increasing the risk of skeletal deformities, osteoporosis and fractures.

“Studies have never found that everyday sunscreen use leads to vitamin D insufficiency. In fact, people who use sunscreen daily can maintain their vitamin D levels.”

In recent years, the claims for vitamin D have gone further. Some proponents hypothesize that it does everything from decreasing cancer deaths and heart disease to inhibiting type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. However, these suggestions are based on observational studies alone. This means the researchers have observed that people with enough vitamin D have a lower incidence of and/or deaths from these diseases, but not that vitamin D is the reason they are lower. While observational studies may be a good starting point, they are not proof or a basis for medical recommendations.


In contrast, there is overwhelming evidence for the multiple benefits of sun protection. Controlled studies have shown that regular use of an SPF 15 or higher broad-spectrum sunscreen reduces your chances of developing squamous cell carcinoma by about 40 percent, melanoma by 50 percent and premature skin aging by 24 percent.

It has been proven on the molecular level that the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light damages the skin’s cellular DNA, creating genetic mutations that can lead to skin cancer. Both the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the World Health Organization have identified solar UV as a proven human carcinogen, with studies linking it to about 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers and about 86 percent of melanomas, as well as premature skin aging. In addition, UV radiation harms the eyes and can cause cataracts, eyelid cancers and other ocular skin cancers, including melanomas.

In short, unprotected sun exposure puts you at risk for any number of conditions that can permanently damage your skin, disfigure you, sometimes even kill you. And the regular use of sun protection can go a long way to keep any of that from happening.



The truth is, it doesn’t take much sun exposure for the body to produce vitamin D. Even committed proponents of unprotected sun exposure recommend no more than 10 to 15 minutes of exposure to arms, legs, abdomen and back, two to three times a week, followed by good sun protection. That minor amount of exposure produces all the vitamin D your body can muster. After that, your body automatically starts to dispose of vitamin D to avoid an overload of the vitamin, at which point your sun exposure is giving you nothing but sun damage without any of the presumed benefit.

The thing is, even just those unprotected 10 or 15 minutes are way more than enough time to cause DNA damage, and every bit of this damage adds up throughout your lifetime, producing more and more genetic mutations that keep increasing your lifetime risk of skin cancer. Unfortunately, the very same UVB wavelengths (290-320 nanometers, or nm) that make the body synthesize vitamin D are also the wavelengths that produce sunburn and genetic mutations that can lead to skin cancer.

And that’s not to mention the damage caused by the sun’s longer-wave UVA radiation (320-400 nm), the key UV rays behind premature skin aging as well as a cause of skin cancer. A 2015 study published in Science found that UVA damage can start in less than a minute in the sun. The damage to the skin’s pigment cells (melanocytes) actually keeps developing hours after the sun exposure ends. Melanocyte damage can lead to melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.


Regular exercise and a healthy diet, can reduce the risk of developing cancer. Stay away from carcinogenic substances. Don't smoke cigarettes, and refrain from drinking too much alcohol, or don't drink at all. Best of all, stay out of cities to avoid diesel particulates, another cause of lung cancer.


Cancer research is important. In the UK, you can run for life to help raise money for this worthwhile cause.




VITAMINS B 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 12









Vitamin C

This is another important vitamin for muscle health. It acts as antioxidant and helps protect your muscles from damage caused due to oxidative stress. Vitamin C also plays a vital role in the formation of collagen. This is an important structural protein that is found in your skin, muscles, bones, and tendons. It forms a scaffold that helps provide strength and structure to your body. Lack of vitamin C automatically reduces the production of collagen. This can lead to poor muscle health, among other things.


Vitamin E


Vitamin E is critical for building strong muscles. It plays a vital role in repairing the plasma membrane of a cell. This is particularly essential for muscle cells. The plasma membrane of these cells tears more frequently. If this membrane is not repaired, it can result in cell death. Eventually, this can lead to muscle wasting disease.

Lack of vitamin E can also lead to reduced muscle strength and frailty. Additionally, it plays an important role in combating oxidative stress.




Terry Valeriano, founder of Vikeen Fitness: http://www.vikeenfitness.co.uk/



You don't need weights to regain fitness, but resistance training will more quickly build up your ordinary strength following a period of inactivity. Terry will help you with light exercises and gradually work up to using weights if that is what you'd like. He will also plan a diet that you can live with, whether to gain muscle mass or to lose weight.





When we turn 30, we start to lose muscle mass – as much as 3 to 5 per cent per decade – while our metabolism simultaneously begins slowing down. Regular exercise or strength training can work to counteract this and help to keep age-related weight gain at bay. Turning back the clock. 







   Dennis Wolf           



A HEALTHIER LIFE - Train to achieve your goals in life. There is no need to go to extremes, just improve your stamina, energy & general outlook on life. Staying healthy by exercising and eating well means a longer active life.








Please use our A-Z to navigate this site or see HOME



This website is dedicated to helping you stay fit and active for a longer healthier lifestyle. © Health & Wellbeing Trust 2022

The name Vikeen™ is a registered trademark. All rights reserved.